This biosphere reserve and national park is found in the Tanjung Peninsula at the south of Borneo and covers exactly the swampy metropolitan areas between Kumai Bay and also Seruyan River.
Covering a entire space of 415,040 hectares, Tanjung Puting is famous to own a massive array of forest ecosystems, for example lowland forest, freshwater swamp forest, tropical heating woods that’s called”kerangas”, peat swamp forest, subtropical forests, and coastal woods.
Declaration Date: 1977
Administrative Authorities: Tanjung Puting National Park Authority
Surface area (terrestrial and marine): 969,698.5 ha
Core area(s): 501,988.94 ha (terrestrial: 390,234.41 ha; marine: 111,754.53 ha)
Buffer zone(s): 264,685.77 ha
Transition area(s): 203,023.79 ha
Latitude: 2°35’S – 3°20’S
Longitude: 111°50’E – 112°15’E
Midpoint: 2°57’30″S – 112°2’30″E
The biosphere reserve features a massive array of eco systems including clusters of dry-land dipterocarp forestsand peripheral mixed woods forests, peat swamp forests, coastal and subtropical shore forests, along with secondary woods. Even the Tanjung Puting National Park was chiefly established by the colonial government for its security of this wild orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) and also Proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus) from the 1930’s. Now, these critters are the principal attractions, no matter how the variety of people continues to be small (3,600 at 1996). Iron timber (Eusideroxylon zwageri) along with ramin (Gonystylus bancanus) are just one of the plant species of top importance in the conservation perspective.
Tanjung Puting Biosphere Reserve harbours many species of wild life.
Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), along with leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis borneoensis) also have been listed.
This area harbors numerous fish species, for example, entire planet’s endangered fish species (Scleropages formosus, also called the Asian bony-tongue or anyplace referred to as the Arwana. Common plant species of Tanjung Puting are mainly consists of plant species species like jelutung (Dyera costulata), iron timber (Eusideroxylon zwageri), meranti (Shorea spp.) , additional dipterocarps, and rattans of advertisement price.
Even the peat swamp forest is distinguished by ramin (Gonystylus bancanus), a species that can be in high business demand and becoming more infrequent. Other plant species consist of pandans (Pandanus tectorius) along with nipa (Nypa fruticans), usually seen across the river banks.
The majority of communities and associated species have been regulated by Rhizophora spp., Bruguiera sp., Sonneratia sp. The plant supports a huge population of wild life rendering it probably perhaps one of the very essential areas for its preservation of primates, fish, birds and other wildlife species.
What’s more, Tanjung Puting plays important role as being a center for wild orangutans rehab. There are few origins of other income to your area community living within the nearby areas. And there’s a requirement to locate suitable strategies and mechanics to create sustainable alternative livelihoods to encourage the regional communities. Ergo, the behavior towards and dependence of those regional communities in the forest resources might be lessened and also their favorable understanding might be enhanced. Some studies to recognize and also recommend alternative sources of livelihoods are performed agro forestry, agriculture and fish farming.